Stabilizing in two dimensions

So-called "two-dimensional" materials, such as graphene and phosphorene could be used in the next generation of flexible, low-power electronic devices but only if scientists can find a way to stabilize these materials for everyday use. Junfeng Gao and colleagues from the A*STAR Institute of High Performance Computing used first-principles calculations to show how applying an electric field to molybdenum diselenide on phosphorene can "drastically" increase the 2D material's resistance to oxidation. “We will explore more substrates for their ability to stabilize phosphorene,” says Gao. “In particular, we want to find out if such a substrate is suitable for epitaxial growth of phosphorene.”