All those wasted years

The 9 million Volkswagen cars sold in Europe and the US from 2009 to 2015 equipped to defeat emissions analysis amounts to cumulative additional nitrogen oxide (NOx) pollution of more than half a megaton, according to Dutch research. That figure, 526,000 tonnes of NOx, equates to 44,000 years of health lost to European citizens because of the effects on lung function and disease incidence caused by those noxious gases that would have otherwise not been released had the vehicles truly been cleaner. If Volkswagen does not recall the cars that were tampered with, an additional 72,000 healthy life years will be lost in Europe, researchers from Radboud University suggest.